Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

Rheumatology 2023 is a discipline of medicine that deals with the study and therapy of rheumatic diseases. Rheumatologists are doctors who specialize in the field of rheumatology and treat patients with rheumatic disorders.  It is possible to categorize rheumatology into two main categories: (1) the diagnosis and treatment of inflammatory illnesses that affect the joints and nearby tissues. (2) Osteoarthritis, mechanical and degenerative spinal problems, and soft-tissue conditions affecting the muscles, tendons, and ligaments around joints are conditions that may also affect the rest of the body, making them generalized disorders. Either of these categories may apply to neurological diseases such carpal tunnel syndrome and other nerve entrapments.

The term "Arthritis" is frequently used to refer to any condition that affects the joints, despite the fact that joint inflammation is a symptom or indicator rather than a precise diagnosis. Where two bones touch, like in your elbow or knee, are joints. Different forms of arthritis exist. Other organs, such as your eyes, heart, or skin, may also be damaged by several disorders that cause arthritis. Fortunately, the majority of people with arthritis may lead active, useful lives because of modern medicines.

The most prevalent form of autoimmune arthritis is rheumatoid arthritis 2023 (RA). The wrist, tiny joints in the hands and feet, and the shoulders and knees can all experience pain and swelling as a result of RA. The symptoms of RA can be reduced by treatments, which can also stop joint deterioration and deformities. Better long-term outcomes and a decreased need for joint replacement will follow from early therapy.

Orthopedics 2023 is a medical field that focuses in identifying, treating, and preventing skeletal abnormalities, which include problems with the bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, nerves, and skin. The musculoskeletal system is made up of these components. You can move, work, and be active thanks to your body's complex musculoskeletal system, which is made up of bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and nerves. Orthopedics 2023, which used to focus on treating young patients with spine and limb abnormalities, now treats patients of all ages, including infants with clubfeet, young athletes who need arthroscopic surgery, and elderly patients with arthritis. Orthopedists or orthopedic surgeons are the terms used to describe doctors who specialise in this field.

A chronic, inflammatory condition of the axial spine known as ankylosing spondylitis (AS) can cause a variety of clinical indications and symptoms. The most typical symptoms of the condition are growing spinal stiffness and chronic back pain. The condition is characterized by involvement of the spine, sacroiliac (SI) joints, peripheral joints, digits, and entheses. AS is characterized by reduced spinal mobility, postural irregularities, hip and buttock pain, peripheral arthritis, enthesitis, and dactylitis (sometimes known as "sausage digits"). This illness may potentially damage extra skeletal organs. The most prevalent extraarticular symptoms of AS are psoriasis (10%), acute anterior uveitis (25%–35%), and inflammatory bowel disease (up to 50%). A higher risk of cardiovascular disease is also linked to AS.


A medical disorder known as fibromyalgia (FM) is thought to have an impact on the central nervous system. Widespread pain, which may be felt in one or more locations on the body, is the most typical symptom of fibromyalgia. The degree of the pain may change daily or even hourly, may vary from person to person, and may occasionally travel over the body. Other symptoms of fibromyalgia include fatigue, sleep issues, poor attention and memory, mood fluctuations, gastrointestinal issues (such as constipation or diarrhea), and an increased sensitivity to pressure and touch.

Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis that typically manifests as flare-ups that last a week or two before going away. Your big toe or a lower limb is where gout flares frequently start. High serum urate levels accumulate in your body, causing gout, which can lead to the formation of needle-shaped crystals in and around the joint. As a result, the joint develops arthritis and joint inflammation. Urate levels in the body rise when the body produces too much or eliminates too little of it. Numerous individuals who have high serum urate levels, meanwhile, won't get gout.

The bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi and, in rare cases, Borrelia mayonii are the culprits behind Lyme disease. Through the bite of infected blacklegged ticks, it is transferred to people. Fever, headaches, exhaustion, and the distinctive skin rash known as erythema migrans are typical symptoms. Joints, the heart, and the nervous system can all get infected if untreated. The potential of exposure to infected ticks, physical signs (such as a rash), and symptoms all contribute to the diagnosis of Lyme disease. If carried out properly and according to proven procedures, laboratory testing is beneficial. A few weeks of medicines can successfully treat the majority of Lyme disease cases. Use of insect repellent, early tick removal, pesticide application, and reduction of tick habitat are measures to prevent Lyme disease.

A set of illnesses affecting the protein-rich tissue that supports organs and other body parts are referred to as connective tissue diseases. Fat, bone, and cartilage are examples of connective tissue. These conditions frequently affect the joints, muscles, and skin, but they can also affect the eyes, heart, lungs, kidneys, gastrointestinal tract, blood vessels, and other organs and organ systems. The connective tissue is impacted by more than 200 diseases. The different categories each have different causes and symptoms.

Recurrent oral aphthous ulcers, vaginal ulcers, and uveitis are the three symptoms that define Behçet illness, a rare vasculitic disorder. The systemic symptoms can vary. The largest morbidity is associated with ocular disease, followed by vascular disease, which is typically caused by active vasculitis. Up to 75% of Behcet illness patients might develop cutaneous signs, which can take the form of nodules, erythema nodosum, or acneiform lesions. It might be challenging to distinguish Behçet illness from active inflammatory bowel disease due to the severity of the GI symptoms. Its ability to affect tiny, medium, and large vessels makes Behçet disease distinct from other vasculitides.

Osteoporosis 2023 is a bone disease that develops when bone quality or structure deteriorates, bone mineral density declines, or when bone mass decreases. This may result in a loss of bone density and an elevated risk of fractures (broken bones). Osteoporosis is referred to as a "silent" illness because it frequently goes unnoticed until a bone is broken, and sometimes even then. Osteoporosis is the main factor in fractures in elderly men and postmenopausal women. Any bone can break; however, hip, spine, and wrist vertebrae are the most frequently broken bones.

The majority of persons who suffer from osteoarthritis 2023, sometimes referred to as OA, are in their middle to late years of life. Although it is frequently referred to as "wear and tear" of the joints, we now understand that osteoarthritis is a disease that affects the entire joint, including the ligaments, bone, and cartilage. It is not quite correct to suggest that the joints are just "worn out," despite the fact that it is more common in older persons. The bone alterations of the joints, the breakdown of tendons and ligaments, the breakdown of cartilage (the tissue that cushions the ends of the bones between joints), and varying degrees of inflammation of the joint lining are its defining characteristics (called the synovium).

Psoriasis is an autoimmune illness that causes scaly, red, and white patches on the skin as the immune system begins to target skin cells. Psoriatic arthritis, another autoimmune illness in which the immune system starts to produce inflammation in the joints, can occasionally occur in persons with psoriasis and results in painful, stiff, and swollen joints. Similar to psoriasis, the intensity of psoriatic arthritis symptoms varies from person to person. Any joint in the body may be impacted by psoriatic arthritis, whether there are one or more affected joints. Dactylitis, a disorder where the fingers and toes look like sausages, is common. Nail pitting may be visible in the fingernails and toenails as well.

An assortment of inflammatory illnesses known as spondyloarthritis cause arthritis. Spondyloarthropathy, or SpA for short, is another name you may encounter. Because it also results in inflammation in places known as entheses where ligaments and tendons join to bones, it differs from other types of arthritis. Your bones are connected to one another by ligaments, and your muscles are connected to your bones by tendons. Lower back discomfort, peripheral joint arthritis, such as that in the arms, legs, eye issues, and even inflammatory bowel illness are all frequently brought on by spondyloarthritis (IBD).

Multiple organs or organ systems in the body may become inflamed as a result of SLE, either acutely or persistently. Contrarily, cutaneous lupus (CLE) affects only the skin, albeit it can eventually lead to SLE in certain cases. Certain prescription drugs may result in drug-induced lupus. Though it shares many of the same symptoms as SLE, it rarely has a negative impact on vital organs and goes away roughly six months after treatment is stopped. Neonatal lupus, which only affects infants, is not the genuine condition. After six months, the majority of neonatal lupus symptoms will be gone.

Pediatric Inflammatory illnesses of the musculoskeletal system and other autoimmune diseases in children and adolescents are the focus of the medical specialty known as pediatric rheumatology 2023. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most prevalent rheumatic condition in children, but Kawasaki disease, juvenile dermatomyositis, and systemic lupus erythematosus are also common. We also treat kids with PFAPA syndrome and other autoinflammatory syndromes as well as illnesses with recurring fever. Osteoporosis and osteogenesis imperfecta are two bone diseases.

A disorder known as rheumatic heart disease occurs when rheumatic fever permanently damages the heart valves. After an untreated or inadequately treated streptococcal infection, such as strep throat or scarlet fever, the heart valve damage may begin. An inflammatory state brought on by an immunological reaction can lead to ongoing valve deterioration. Rheumatic fever, an inflammatory condition that can damage numerous connective tissues, particularly in the heart, joints, skin, or brain, is the root cause of rheumatic heart disease. Over time, the heart valves may become damaged and irritated. This can cause the heart valve to constrict or leak, making it more difficult for the heart to operate normally. Heart failure may ensue from this, which could take years to manifest.

General medicine is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of a variety of acute and chronic illnesses that affect various body areas. All types of illnesses are covered by general medicine.

Your immune system attacks your body when you have an autoimmune disease. The immune system typically protects against viruses and germs. When it detects these outside invaders, it unleashes a massive army of fighter cells to engage them. Normally, your immune system can distinguish between your own cells and foreign cells. When you have an autoimmune disease, your immune system misidentifies a portion of your body, such as your skin or joints, as alien. Autoantibodies, a class of proteins, are released and assault healthy cells. Some autoimmune illnesses only affect one organ. Pancreas damage from type 1 diabetes. Other conditions, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), or lupus, can have a global impact.

The autoinflammatory disorders are a set of illnesses that, in their most basic manifestations, show up as recurring fevers, strong acute phase reactions, and a tendency toward skin, joint, and serosal surface inflammation as well as other organ involvement, including nervous system involvement. These conditions don't have high-titer autoantibodies, which are typical of autoimmune diseases. Autoinflammatory disorders are characterized by dysregulation of the cells and molecular cascades essential to innate immunity, and this dysregulation is the primary pathophysiologic role of the innate immune system in these diseases. 

A sizable group of hereditary illnesses with such a considerable of genetic and clinical variety are HCTD. These diseases are typically brought on by errors in the genes that produce the main proteins that make up connective tissue, like collagen and elastin. Some of these ailments alter the way this matrix functions, the shape of the body, or both. The term "HCTD" refers to more than 200 different conditions. The most well-known HCTDs include osteogenesis imperfecta, Ehlers-Danlos syndromes, and Marfan and associated disorders. There are numerous categories and sub-groups for each of these syndromes. These diseases frequently share symptoms and treatments. Newer varieties of HCTDs are being found as genetic technologies progress. The body's connective tissue is the most prevalent and plentiful main tissue.

Hemarthrosis, or joint bleeding, is brought on by diseases like haemophilia, physical trauma, or other circumstances. Pain, edoema, and stiffness in the joints are common symptoms, and it can take weeks or months to get better. Since prolonged contact to blood might harm your joints' cartilage, treatment is necessary.

Osteonecrosis 2023, also known as aseptic necrosis or avascular necrosis (AVN), is the loss of bone cells as a result of reduced blood supply. It may cause discomfort and bone collapse in certain locations. Degenerative arthritis, commonly known as osteoarthritis, of surrounding joints, most frequently the hips and knees, can result from this bone collapse. Shoulders, hands, and feet are areas that are less frequently impacted. Osteonecrosis can very rarely happen in the jaw. Gum tissue ulcers (sores), exposed jawbone, and pain may occur from this.

Almost typically, in rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatic discomfort is localized. It might just affect a particular area of the body (like the shoulder girdle) or a single structure in numerous locations (e.g., the peripheral joints). The process of localizing the symptoms is the most significant component of the musculoskeletal history from the perspective of specific diagnosis.

Technology's contributions to self-management, clinical treatment, and research offer tremendous prospects for improving both individual and societal health and well-being. The road to successful adoption and use, however, is paved with significant obstacles, such as persuading EHR providers to develop systems to support disease-specific needs, standardizing data items across geographies with trusted extraction and reuse of health data outside of direct care, upfront investment for longer-term gain, maintaining motivation for sustained engagement in data collection, ensuring interoperability, and ensuring equitable access to digital services and digital literacy. However, there are a lot of possible advantages. In clinical care and research, we are starting to see meaningful changes in the field of rheumatology 2023.

1. NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications) reduce inflammation and discomfort. Some of them are available over-the-counter, including ibuprofen and naproxen sodium. Others, such as COX-2 inhibitors, which may be better on your stomach, require a prescription.

2. Prednisone and other corticosteroids work swiftly to control inflammation. Doctors restrict the dosage and duration of use since these potent medications have potent negative effects.

3.Disease-modifying antirheumatic medications (DMARDs) can change how rheumatoid arthritis develops and stop tissue and joint damage. They inhibit the actions of substances that are released when your immune system inadvertently targets your joints.

4. Biologics - The majority of today's medications are biologics, which means they are derived from human genes. These effective knockoffs could tame an overactive immune system.

An irregularity of the spine anywhere, from the neck to the lower back, is referred to as a spine condition. Numerous spine diseases can be uncomfortable and, in some circumstances, degenerative because the spinal column serves as your body's primary support and safeguards your spinal cord. Depending on the specific illness, several symptoms are present in spine problems. Since the spine serves as the body's primary support, problems of the spine frequently have an impact on other body regions. Depending on the type of spine issue, treatment for these conditions differs from person to person.

Artificial intelligence (AI) is the term used to describe the use of technology to simulate human cognitive abilities such as logical thinking and intelligent behavior. Although AI-based technologies are widely used in a variety of healthcare contexts for functions like image analysis and diagnosis, its full potential to direct rheumatic disease management is still untapped. In rheumatic disorders, AI techniques are emerging to help in early diagnosis and prediction of disease progression, although these have not yet entered clinical practice. Many potential biological markers of response to anti-TNFs have been established, and rheumatology 2023 researchers are investigating AI methods for therapy response prediction. This research is still in the exploratory phase, though.

Daily tasks can seem like a hassle because of the rheumatoid arthritis (RA)-related joint discomfort, stiffness, and edoema. If untreated, RA can also affect how well the knees, ankles, elbows, hips, and shoulders function normally. The hands and fingers may become unable to grip, grasp, and pinch as a result of RA, which tends to get worse over time. Although there is no proven treatment for RA, medications can lessen symptoms, enhance function, and lessen joint deterioration. Plastic surgery, albeit unanticipated, can be a useful therapy option when medications alone are insufficient.

A multitude of illnesses, such as arthritis, fractures, or other diseases, can damage the articular cartilage, which lines the ends of the bones and causes joint pain. A joint replacement can improve a patient's mobility and lessen pain. Parts of an arthritic or diseased joint are surgically removed and replaced with a prosthesis in a total joint replacement (a metal, ceramic or plastic device). The prosthesis mimics the joint's healthy mobility. The most common joint replacement surgeries are on the hips and knees, but elbow, ankle, wrist, and shoulder can also be treated. Hip and knee replacements, both partial and complete, can be done using robotic surgery.

A high quality of life is fundamentally dependent on health. Our ability to enjoy life directly depends on not being unwell or injured. A rising corpus of empirical data indicates that, on a macro level, healthcare investments have a significant impact on health outcomes. Furthermore, as one would anticipate, the evidence points to significant health gains from spending on healthcare at low baseline levels. This suggests that, if properly targeted and managed, foreign resources directed through development aid for health have the potential to significantly reduce worldwide inequities in living standards.