The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Musculoskeletal Disorders or MSDs are injuries and disorders that affect the human body’s movement or musculoskeletal system (i.e. muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves, discs, blood vessels, etc.). The causes of musculoskeletal pain are varied. MSDs can arise from a sudden exertion or repetitive movements, overuse, and prolonged immobilization. Other causes of MSDs include postural strain, Changes in posture or poor body mechanics may bring about spinal alignment problems and muscle shortening, therefore causing other muscles to be injured and become painful.
- Track 1-1 Work Related Musculoskeletal Disorders
- Track 1-2Carpal tunnel syndrome
- Track 1-3Musculoskeletal Disorder in General Population
- Track 1-4Specific and Nonspecific MSDs
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, progressive and disabling disease where the immune system attacks the synovial lining to the joints and other organs. If left untreated, the joint can lose its shape and alignment, cause bone erosion and ultimately lead to destruction of the joint and permanent disability. RA is also a systemic disease, which means it can affect internal organs of the body such as the heart, eyes and lungs. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has many physical and social consequences and can lower quality of life. It can cause pain, disability, and premature death.
- Track 2-1General principles and management of rheumatoid arthritis
- Track 2-2Seropositive and Seronegative rheumatoid Arthritis
- Track 2-3Clinical manifestations of rheumatoid arthritis
- Track 2-4Etiology and Pathogenesis
Osteoporosis is a progressive metabolic bone disease that decreases bone density (with deterioration of bone structure. Skeletal weakness leads to fractures with minor or inapparent trauma, particularly in the thoracic and lumbar spine, wrist, and hip. It is also called degenerative disease or degenerative arthritis. Prevention and treatment involve risk factor modification, calcium and vitamin D supplements, exercises to maximize bone and muscle strength, improve balance, and minimize the risk of falls, and drug therapy to preserve bone mass or stimulate new bone formation.
- Track 3-1Genetics of Osteoporosis
- Track 3-2Osteoporosis and Geriatrics
- Track 3-3Osteopenia
- Track 3-4Osteoporosis and Nutrition
- Track 3-5Novel Treatment and techniques for Osteoporosis
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis and refers to a clinical syndrome of joint pain accompanied by varying degrees of functional limitation and reduced quality of life. Knee, hip and hands are the joints most frequently affected. The causes of osteoarthritis are complex and include physical, environmental and genome factors. With Osteoarthritis, this cartilage breaks down, making the bones within the joint to rub together. This can cause pain, stiffness, and different side effects.
- Track 4-1Osteoimmunology
- Track 4-2Knee Osteoarthritis
- Track 4-3Osteoarthritis prognosis and supplements
- Track 4-4Advanced treatment of osteoarthritis
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic, multisystem, inflammatory disorder of autoimmune Etiology, occurring predominantly in young women. Common manifestations may include arthralgias and arthritis, Raynaud phenomenon, malar and other rashes, pleuritis or pericarditis, renal or CNS involvement, and hematologic cytopenia’s. Diagnosis requires clinical and serologic criteria. Treatment of severe, ongoing, active disease requires corticosteroids and sometimes immunosuppressants.
- Track 5-1Epidemiology of systemic lupus erythematosus: an update
- Track 5-2Genetics of Human SLE
- Track 5-3Targeted Therapies for SLE
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a group of rheumatic diseases that begins by age 16. Arthritis, fever, rash, adenopathy, splenomegaly, and iridocyclitis are typical of some forms. Diagnosis is clinical. Treatment involves NSAIDs, intra-articular corticosteroids, and disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is uncommon. The cause is unknown, but there seems to be a genetic predisposition as well as autoimmune and autoinflammatory pathophysiology. JIA is distinct from adult rheumatoid arthritis, despite occasional similarities.
- Track 6-1Classification of JIA
- Track 6-2Genetics and Pathophysiology
- Track 6-3clinical trials in juvenile idiopathic arthritis
- Track 6-4Diagnosis and Treatment of JIA
Infectious arthritis is an infection in a joint. It may also be referred to as septic arthritis. It occurs when an infection caused by a bacteria or virus spreads to a joint or the fluid surrounding the joint. This fluid is called the synovial fluid. This infection usually begins in another area of the body and spreads through the bloodstream to the joint tissue. The infection may also enter the body through surgery, open wounds, or injections. Infectious arthritis usually only occurs in one joint. The condition typically affects a large joint such as the knee, hip, or shoulder. It occurs more often in children, older adults.
- Track 7-1Septic Arthritis Prognosis, Complications & Causes
- Track 7-2Diagnosis and Treatment
- Track 7-3Management of septic arthritis
Fibromyalgia is a common non-articular disorder of unknown cause characterized by generalized aching (sometimes severe); widespread tenderness of muscles, areas around tendon insertions, and adjacent soft tissues; muscle stiffness; fatigue; mental cloudiness; poor sleep; and a variety of other somatic symptoms. Diagnosis is clinical. Treatment includes exercise, local heat, stress management, drugs to improve sleep, and nonopioid analgesics.
- Track 8-1Clinical and etiological update
- Track 8-2Immunological aspects of Fibromyalgia
- Track 8-3Emerging therapies for fibromyalgia
Gout is a disorder caused by hyperuricemia that results in the precipitation of monosodium urate crystals in and around joints, most often causing recurrent acute or chronic arthritis. The initial attack (flare) of gout is usually non-articular and often involves the 1st metatarsophalangeal joint. Symptoms of gout include acute, severe pain, tenderness, warmth, redness, and swelling. Diagnosis requires identification of crystals in synovial fluid. Treatment of acute attacks is with anti-inflammatory drugs. The frequency of attacks can be reduced by regular use of NSAIDs, colchicine, or both and by lowering the serum urate level with allopurinol, febuxostat, or uricosuric drugs such as lesinurad and probenecid.
- Track 9-1tophaceous gout and pseudogout
- Track 9-2New Therapeutic Strategies
- Track 9-3Pathology and Clinical Management
- Track 9-4Pathology and Clinical Management
- Track 9-5prevalence, incidence and risk factors
Vasculitis is inflammation of blood vessels, often with ischemia, necrosis, and organ inflammation. Vasculitis can affect any blood vessel—arteries, arterioles, veins, venules, or capillaries. Clinical manifestations of specific vasculitis disorders are diverse and depend on the size and location of the involved vessels, the extent of the organ involvement, and the degree and pattern of inflammation.
- Track 10-1Bechetâ€™s syndrome
- Track 10-2Temporal and Takayasu arteritis
- Track 10-3Polymyalgia rheumatica
- Track 10-4Granulomatous and Microscopic polyangiitis
- Track 10-5Eosinophilic granulomatosis polyangiitis
- Track 10-6Polyarteritis nodosa
- Track 10-7Henoch-Scholten purpura
Sjögren syndrome (SS) is a relatively common chronic, autoimmune, systemic, inflammatory disorder of unknown cause. It is characterized by dryness of the mouth, eyes, and other mucous membranes due to lymphocytic infiltration of exocrine glands and secondary gland dysfunction. SS can affect various exocrine glands or other organs. Diagnosis is by specific criteria relating to eye, mouth, and salivary gland involvement, autoantibodies, and (occasionally) histopathology. Treatment is usually symptomatic.
- Track 11-1Clinical characteristics and Risk factors
- Track 11-2Pathogenesis and Treatment
- Track 11-3Novel Therapeutic Targets
Spondyloarthropathy or spondyloarthrosis refers to any joint disease of the vertebral column. Seronegative spondyloarthropathies (seronegative spondyloarthritides) share certain clinical characteristics (e.g., back pain, uveitis, GI symptoms, rashes). Spondyloarthropathy can develop in association with GI conditions (sometimes called enteropathic arthritis) such as inflammatory bowel disease, intestinal bypass surgery, or Whipple disease.
- Track 12-1Ankylosing spondylitis
- Track 12-2Psoriatic arthritis
- Track 12-3Reactive arthritis
- Track 12-4Enteropathic spondyloarthropathy
- Track 12-5undifferentiated spondyloarthropathy
Systemic sclerosis is a rare chronic disease of unknown cause characterized by diffuse fibrosis and vascular abnormalities in the skin, joints, and internal organs (especially the esophagus, lower GI tract, lungs, heart, and kidneys). Common symptoms include Raynaud phenomenon, polyarthralgia, dysphagia, heartburn, and swelling and eventually skin tightening and contractures of the fingers. Lung, heart, and kidney involvement accounts for most deaths. Diagnosis is clinical, but laboratory tests support the diagnosis and aid in prognostication. Specific treatment is difficult, and emphasis is often on treatment of complications.
- Track 13-1Localised Scleroderma
- Track 13-2Systemic Scleroderma
- Track 13-3Juvenile Scleroderma
Soft tissue rheumatism (STR) describes conditions affecting tissue surrounding a joint, such as ligaments and tendons, and includes conditions such as tendonitis, bursitis, fasciitis and fibromyalgia. STR forms a broad spectrum of health problems, most of them poorly defined according to diagnostic criteria and case definitions.
- Track 14-1Bursitis
- Track 14-2Myofascial Pain
- Track 14-3Tendinitis
- Track 14-4Tennis Elbow
- Track 14-5Tenosynovitis
- Track 14-6Plantar Fasciitis
Paediatric rheumatic diseases, also called juvenile arthritis, is an umbrella term used to describe the many autoimmune and inflammatory conditions that can develop in children ages 16 and younger. Some paediatric rheumatic diseases affect the musculoskeletal system, but joint symptoms may be a minor or non-existent component. Paediatric rheumatic diseases can involve the eyes, skin, muscles and gastrointestinal tract as well.
- Track 15-1Pathogenesis and Genetics
- Track 15-2Paediatric rheumatic Diseases
- Track 15-3Multidisciplinary approach to management
- Track 15-4Specialized therapeutic approach to management
Orthopaedic surgery is a specialty dealing with acute injuries, congenital and acquired disorders and chronic arthritic or overuse conditions of the bones, joints and their associated soft tissues, including ligaments, nerves and muscles. Arthroplasty is an orthopedic surgery where the articular surface of a musculoskeletal joint is replaced, remodelled, or realigned by osteotomy or some other procedure. It is an elective procedure that is done to relieve pain and restore function to the joint after damage by arthritis (rheum surgery) or some other type of trauma.
- Track 16-1Arthroplasty
- Track 16-2Arthroscopy
- Track 16-3Orthopaedic Trauma
- Track 16-4Orthopaedic surgical Techniques
- Track 16-5Orthopaedics Sports Medicine
Myopathy is a disease of the muscle in which the muscle fibres do not function properly. This results in muscular weakness. It implies that the primary defect is within the muscle, as opposed to the nerve’s neuropathies or neurogenic disorders. Muscle cramps, stiffness, and spasm can also be associated with myopathy. An arthropathy is a disease of a joint. Arthritis is a form of arthropathy that involves inflammation of one or more joints, while the term arthropathy may be used regardless of whether there is inflammation or not.
- Track 17-1Types of arthropathy and Myopathy
- Track 17-2Diagnosis and Treatment of Arthropathy Myopathy
- Track 17-3Advance techniques in Arthropathy and Myopathy
Physical therapy aims to improve joint and muscle function (e.g., range of motion, strength) and thus improve the patient’s ability to stand, balance, walk, and climb stairs. For example, physical therapy is usually used to train lower-extremity amputees. On the other hand, occupational therapy focuses on self-care activities and improvement of fine motor coordination of muscles and joints, particularly in the upper extremities. Physical therapy is used to improve a patient's quality of life through examination, diagnosis, prognosis, physical intervention, and patient education.
- Track 18-1Physiotherapy Techniques and Exercises
- Track 18-2Physical Therapy Science
- Track 18-3Physiotherapy Management and Postoperative Physiotherapy
- Track 18-4Rehabilitation Methods
- Track 18-5Geriatric Rehabilitation
Exercise stimulates tissue change and adaptation. Regular physical activity reduces the likelihood of medical illness, decreases the incidence of the major causes of death, and improves the overall health and quality of life for patients with most medical conditions. By increasing muscle mass and strength and fostering cardiovascular endurance, exercise improves functional status for sports and activities of daily living and protects against injury. Specific exercise programs are also commonly prescribed to rehabilitate patients after MI, major surgery, and musculoskeletal injury. Preoperative exercise regimens are prescribed before many elective surgical procedures to enhance postoperative recovery.
- Track 19-1Exercise physiology and Physical Activity
- Track 19-2Sports Injury Prevention and Management
- Track 19-3Physical medicine and Rehabilitation
- Track 19-4Clinical Sports Medicine
- Track 19-5Sports Biomechanics
- Track 19-6Clinical Sports Nutrition and Protein Supplements
Pain is the most common reason patients seek medical care. Pain has sensory and emotional components and is often classified as acute or chronic. Acute pain is frequently associated with anxiety and hyperactivity of the sympathetic nervous system (e.g., tachycardia, increased respiratory rate and BP, diaphoresis, dilated pupils). Chronic pain does not involve sympathetic hyperactivity but may be associated with vegetative signs (e.g., fatigue, loss of libido, loss of appetite) and depressed mood. The pain associate with the rheumatic disorders is very difficult to find, but the development of the pain makes the tissue damage with or without inflammatory condition.
- Track 20-1Chronic Pain and Relief
- Track 20-2Pain management in Arthritis
- Track 20-3Pain management in Joints, Muscles and Ligaments
- Track 20-4Pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches of pain
- Track 20-5Psychological Aspects of Pain